Geographical location of the Penza Region
Penza Oblast in its present form was established on February, 4th, 1939. It lies in the East European Plain (also called the Russian Plain) and occupies the central and western parts of the Volga Upland. The region stretches 330 km west to east, 204 km north to south, and covers the area of 43,300 km2.
The population of the region amounts to 1,379,800 people and includes 80 different ethnicities and nationalities.
461,900 people live in the countryside. There are 11 towns and 16 urban settlements in the region. The largest towns are Kuznetsk (87,700 residents), Kamenka (39,100 residents), Serdobsk (35,000 residents).
The proximity of industry centres, favourable transport connections and geographical position make it possible to bring raw production and energy resources to the region, as well as to establish business links and export the regional produce. Geopolitical position of the region is very stable due to its neghbourhood with the regions with balanced political situation and similar ethnic and religious composition and also due to the great distance to the national borders of Russia. Small territory and quality transport links contribute to the region’s opennes to investments. Thanks to the combination of favourable natural conditions for agriculture, the region is quite independent in the sphere of food production.